Talking Terpenes

Ever wondered why certain medical marijuana plants give off their own distinctive aroma? The answer is terpenes. The aromatic compounds found in medical marijuana plants give each strain a unique scent. When you smell hints of citrus, apple, nutmeg or hops in our products, you’re actually noticing the terpenes. Terpenes may also provide a host of medical benefits that may help alleviate your symptoms. You can find the full terpene profile on the label of all our prime products.


When it comes to medical marijuana, THC and CBD grab the headlines, but terpenes may play a big role. Researchers are studying how terpenes and cannabinoids appear to work in tandem to deliver patients with the powerful, symptom-relieving effects they feel. The individual compounds found in medical marijuana appear to work together to add to its medicinal qualities, a term that is commonly known as the “entourage effect.” It turns out what you smell may actually tell you how you feel. If you’re interested in learning more, Prime Wellness of Pennsylvania has you covered.

Humulene

Description: Humulene is one of the most common terpenes, adding scents of hops, coriander, and cloves to the marijuana plant. It’s also found in sage and ginseng.

Product Spotlight: Humulene is a top terpenes in our Double Afghan Chunk strain.

Potential medical benefits: Researchers have been studying the terpene’s unique antifungal and antibacterial qualities, as well as its possible role to inhibit tumor growth.

Fun fact:  Humulene is not just found in medical marijuana. It also adds the “hoppy” taste and smell you find in some beers.

Linalool

Description: Linalool adds aromas of lavender, birch, rosewood with a hint of spiciness. It’s a common ingredient found in many essential oils. 

Product spotlight: It’s one of the main terpenes in our Grapefruit Cookies strain.

Potential Medical Benefits: Over the last 20 years, researchers have evaluated Linalool’s potential benefits as an anti-epileptic, muscle relaxant, mood enhancement. It’s also been studied for its possible role in treating stress relief and anxiety. 

Fun Fact: In a 2016 medical study, rats who were treated linalool showed improved learning and spatial memory. The study findings suggest that linalool reverses the main symptoms of Alzheimer's disease and restores cognitive and emotional functions via an anti-inflammatory effect.


Myrcene

Description: Myrcene packs a powerful aromatic punch, offering hints of mango, citrus, lemongrass and bay leaves in several medical marijuana strains.

Product Spotlight: It’s one of the main terpenes in many of our featured strains, such as Butter Cookies, Chem De La Chem, East Coast Cookies, Scarlet Fire, Malawi Memory Loss and Double Afghan Chunk, among others.

Potential medical benefits: Medical researchers are looking at Myrcene’s potential benefits when it comes to relaxation, sedation, appetite stimulant, insomnia, pain and inflammation. 

Fun fact: Myrcene can increase the psychoactive effects of medical marijuana by increasing the permeability of the blood-brain barrier.

Limonene

Description: Limonene brings a fresh burst of citrus, lemon and orange to many common marijuana strains. It’s also found in the peels of many citrus fruits.

Product spotlight: It’s one of the main terpenes found in many of our strains, such as African Thai, Chem De La Chem, Scarlet Fire, Purple Haze, Krypto’s Kush and Sour Blueberry, among others .

Potential Medical Benefits: Limonene has several potential benefits when it comes to mood and stress relief and for its antifungal, antibacterial and immuno-stimulant properties. Researchers are looking to discover more about dosing and how the compound works in the brain and body.   

Fun Fact: Limonene isn’t just a common terpene found in medical marijuana. It adds flavoring to chewing gum and beverages and is commonly found in perfumes and other topical ointments. 

Terpinolene

Description: Terpinolene brings something unique to the table, adding scents of apples, nutmeg and lilac. This terpene shows up in numerous marijuana strains, but rarely plays a dominant role. It is often described as having a “fresh” taste or smell, which is why it is added to many perfumes and soaps.

Product spotlight: It’s one of the main terpenes found in our Orange Chem Soda, White Hill’s Haze, and Florida Black Haze.

Potential Medical Benefits: Medical researchers are studying terpinolene for its potential role in inhibiting cancer cell growth and as an antifungal and antibacterial agent.  

Fun Fact: One study looked at the possible role of terpinolene in an essential oil to help control  LDL, which is commonly known as the form of ‘bad’ cholesterol. The study found that terpinolene, in concert with alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene, effectively prevents oxidation of LDL.

Pinene

Description: Pinene’s signature scent probably comes as no surprise. It’s the terpene responsible for the pine, sage and rosemary aromas you smell in medical marijuana. 

Product spotlight: It’s one of the main terpenes found in Kunduz D, Butter Cookies and East Coast Cookies strains.

Potential Medical Benefits: Pinene has an array of potential medical benefits, when it comes to alertness, short-term memory loss. Researchers are also interested in learning more about the terpene’s role as an anti-inflammatory, bronchodilator and a cancer cell growth inhibitor. 

Fun Fact: Pinene is a compound found in pine needle oil, which has been a staple of traditional Chinese medicine as an anticarcinogen.

Caryophyllene

Description: Caryophyllene adds plenty of spice, providing aromas of pepper, cinnamon, oregano and basil to medical marijuana. It’s found in high concentrations in many plants and spices.

Product spotlight: Caryophyllene is a common terpene found in many of our strains, such as Sour Blueberry, African Thai, Chem De La Chem, Double Afghan Chunk, Butter Cookies and Grapefruit Cookies.

Potential Medical Benefits: Researchers are interested in Caryophyllene’s medical potential when it comes to stress relief, sleep, pain relief and muscle spasm control. It also may have potential as an antibacterial and an antioxidant.  

Fun Fact: In one study, scientists looked at Beta-caryophyllene’s possible analgesic effects in animal models of inflammatory and neuropathic pain. They found “natural plant product BCP may be highly effective in the treatment of long lasting, debilitating pain states.”


Ocimene

Description: Ocimene brings fresh scents to medical marijuana, including mint, mango and orchid.

Product spotlight: It’s commonly found in a few of our strains, including Purple Haze, Malawi Memory Loss and White Hill’s Haze.

Potential Medical Benefits: Ocimene may have a host of potential medical benefits as an antiviral, antifungal, antiseptic, antibacterial and decongestant agent. 

Fun Fact: Terpene profiles may provide some clues about whether certain strains are Indicas or Sativas. Ocimene may be a signal that a strain has Sativa qualities. It is common for some Sativas to have myrcene as the dominant terpenoid and ocimene or terpinolene as the second most-dominant terpene.